Sochi was elected on 4 July 2007, during the 119th International Olympic Committee (IOC) Session in Guatemala City, Guatemala. This will be the first time that the Russian Federation will host the Winter Olympics; the Soviet Union hosted the 1980 Summer Games in Moscow.
Sochi will be the warmest city to have ever hosted a Winter Olympic Games.
Sochi 2014 will be the most compact Winter Games in the history of the Olympic Movement. Eleven athletic venues will be built for the Sochi 2014 Games, which will be divided into two clusters—mountain and coastal.
Coastal Cluster (Sochi Olympic Park)
The central focus of the coastal cluster will be the Olympic Park. It will connect up all competition venues, the parking zone and the infrastructure elements. For the first time in the history of the Olympic and Paralympic Games, all ice arenas will be within walking distance of one other. The Olympic Park will be able to accommodate about 70,000 visitors when full.
Mountain Cluster (Krasnaya Polyana)
The Mountain Cluster will include Biathlon and Ski Complexes, a Bobsleigh Track, a Ski Center, a Ski Jump Complex, as well as a Snowboard Park and Freestyle Center.
The Olympic Games in Sochi will be holding events in 15 disciplines of 7 winter sports:
Festive Events will take place in the venue "Fisht", The Olympic Park.
Opening ceremony – Feb 07 at 20:00-23:00
Closing ceremony – Feb 23 at 20:00-23:00
Transport and getting around during the Olympics
The transportation infrastructure being prepared to support the Olympics includes many roads, tunnels, bridges, interchanges, railroads and stations in and around Sochi.
The Sochi Light Metro is located between Adler and Krasnaya Polyana connecting the Olympic Park, the airport and the venues in Krasnaya Polyana.
An Olympic express train will shuttle passengers between the Olympic Coastal Cluster located in Adler and the Olympic Mountain Cluster located in Krasnaya Polyana. Trains are scheduled to run every hour and will take approximately 34 minutes to travel between clusters. Once inside the Coastal Cluster, all Olympic Venues are within walking distance. Within the Mountain Cluster, ski lifts will be used to transport fans to individual Olympic Venues.
Many Olympic-related events will also take place in the downtown Sochi area, which is located approximately 40 kilometers from the Coastal Cluster. A public transportation system, including buses, ferries, and trains, can be used to access the Olympic Park from downtown Sochi.