Rostov-on-Don city is the capital and administrative center of Rostov oblast of Russia. Rostov-on-Don city is also the capital of South Federal District of Russian Federation from 2000.
The city is situated on the Don River about 46 km from Azov Sea.
What To See
There are over 800 objects of cultural heritage in Rostov-on-Don city. Among them are 470 architectural monuments, 55 archeological monuments and 106 monumental objects of arts and military glory.
The Rostov Cathedral of the Nativity of the Virgin Mary, Monument to Dmitry Donskoy
Among the sights of Rostov-on-Don there stands out the Rostov Cathedral of the Nativity of Holy Virgin, built by the architect K.A. Ton in 1860 and lavishly restored in recent years. In front of the Cathedral one can see a monument to the national hero Dmitry Donskoy.
The Rostov Museum of Russian-Armenian Friendship / the Church of the Armenian Monastery Surb-Khach
The church of the Armenian monastery Surb-Khach (1786-1792) – is a federal historic and architectural monument.
The museum complex is a picturesque island of the Don land Armenians’ history and culture, located at the Rostov-on-Don Northern suburb, featuring forge railings, white-brick staircase, descending to the Chorkhakh spring, and finally, the museum building itself, situated at the former Armenian monastery temple, erected by the famous Russian architect I.I. Starov’s project in 1798, being the outstanding tourist attraction.
The museum displays domestic items of the 18th century, Armenian books of the 18th century, the authentic references about Raphael Patkanyan’s life and work, etc.
The museum oldest displays are – the stone cross, brought by the Armenians from the Crimea, ancient books, printed at the monastery G. Khaldaryantz’s printing house, the first printing house in the South of Russia.
City Duma Building
The building of the City Duma built in 1899, chef-d’oeuvre of the architectural academician A. N. Pomerantsev, imparts solemnity to the city’s main street. In terms of richness and grandeur of architectural decor of this building that still houses the Rostov-on-Don administration it has no peer in the South of Russia.
Saint Karapet’s Church
The St. Karapet’s Church is the center of the memorial complex and cemetery, comprising graves of Armenian activists and Beds of Honor of many Soviet soldiers (1941-1943). To the southwest of the main entrance lies the grave of the famous composer I.K. Shaposhnikov, to the center – graves of soil scientist S.A. Zakharov and the Don land folklore gatherer A.N. Listopadov.
Stella at the Theatre Square
The memorial complex “Stella” is erected at the Rostov-on-Don central square to commemorate the city liberation from the Fascist aggressors on February 14, 1943. The monument, constructed at this site due to the Great Victory’s 40th anniversary reminds the local citizens and the visitors of the tragedy of the Great Patriotic war period.
What To Do
There are many places to visit in Rostov-on-Don city:
The Botanic Garden covers an area of more than 160.5 hectares with different relief, soils and plants. This unique natural monument within a huge megalopolis is interesting for more than 6500 species of trees, bushes and herbaceous plants. The size of flora collection, which is gathered in a greenhouse of tropical and subtropical plants, reaches almost 1600 species and forms from Africa, South-Western Asia, Northern and Southern America, Australia.
Rostov Zoo, with the largest territory in Russia (56 hectares) and one of the biggest in Europe, is one of the most popular places for children’s and adults’ leisure time. Here more than 400 species of animals and birds live (including 180 species which are registered in the Red Data Book).
Rostov State Opera and Ballet
The magnificent building of Rostov State Opera and Ballet with state-of-the-art technical equipment opened in 1999. There are three auditoria which can accommodate altogether an audience of about 1,500: the main theatre seating 1004; a chamber venue seating 250; and a cabaret-style hall and restaurant with 200 seats.
Rostov State Opera was awarded three Golden Masks for its production of Shostakovich’s Lady Macbeth of Mtsensk and Juno and Avos, an award for Russia’s outstanding theatrical event and received four further nominations.
Rostov-on-Don is also one of the largest jazz centers in Russia. It has turned into a tradition to conduct art festivals in Rostov-on-Don: “Donskaya vesna (spring)”, “Mini-fest”, “Russian comedy” and international jazz festivals.
The volume of retail trade turnover in Rostov-on-Don in 2011 was 284 billion rubles, which is more than 50% of the total retail trade and catering turnover in Rostov Oblast. It is also the 4th largest retail trade turnover among Russian cities with the population of one million and above.
MEGA The Family Shopping Centre is a chain of shopping centres in Russia owned and operated by IKEA. Each MEGA brings together in one place over 150 tenants offering goods and services. Its anchor tenants include the IKEA store, a hypermarket and a DIY store.
Shopping Fashion Centre «A'STOR PLAZA» with its concept, design and technical filling allows to provide a brand new standard of shopping proposal in Rostov-on-Don. In its own way this is a unique Shopping Centre, that gather in it goods of the leading world producers and the most famous trademarks.
The Megacenter Gorizont occupies an area of 132 730 km2. Here are located more than 275 shops, where well-known European and Russian brands are represented. It is perfect for family shopping.
How To Get There
Rostov-on-Don Airport has domestic flights, as well as flights to and from Europe, Africa and Asia.
Austrian Airlines operates direct flights to / from Vienna. UTair Aviation operates direct flighs to / from Frankfurt from June 2-th 2013.
There are daily flights from Moscow.
The main railway stations in Rostov-on-Don are "Rostov-Glavny" and "Rostov-Prigorodny". The "St. Petersburg-Rostov-Caucasus" railway crosses the territory of Rostov-on-Don.
Bus is also popular option for many people to get to Rostov-on-Don from other cities.
Rent a car in Rostov-on-Don in case you want to travel on your own and make your travel more flexible.
How to get to Rostov-on-Don from Sochi
To get to Rostov-on-Don from Sochi it’s better to take a train, although infrequent buses serve Rostov-on-Don. Distance between Rostov-on-Don and Sochi is 402.68 km.
Ak Bars Aero operates flights between Sochi and Rostov-on-Don. For direct flights the flight time is 0:40.